25 Incredible Images: Kerala’s Flora and Fauna

Kerala, the mystic land lying between the Western Ghats and Arabian Sea, is abundant in its rich variety of Flora and Fauna. Almost 24% of Kerala land area is forest. It includes tropical wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, tropical moist and dry deciduous forests and temperate (shola) forests.

More than 1000 species of trees, 4,000 species of flowering plants, 900 species of medicinal plants; can be found in Kerala forests.

Kerala’s Fauna is also rich and diverse with more than 100 species of mammals, 476 species of birds, 202 species of freshwater fishes, 169 species of reptiles and 89 species of amphibians.

In this post I have tried to showcase wide variety of Flora and Fauna that makes Kerala unique. So here are 25 incredible Flora and Fauna images.

Nelliyampathy Forest Range1. Nelliyampathy Forest Range

Deers at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary 2. Deers at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary

Tiger at Periyar Tiger Reserve3. Tiger at Periyar Tiger Reserve

Crocodile at Neyyar4. Crocodile at Neyyar

neela-kuringhi-munnar5. Neela Kurungi Flowers in Bloom at Munnar

Tea Gardens Kerala6. Tea Gardens, Munnar

Nilgiri Tahr at Munnar7. Nilgiri Tahr at Munnar

wayanad9. Grasslands at Chembra Peak, Wayanad

Southern Birdwing  Butterfly at Chimmini Wildlife10. Southern Birdwing  Butterfly at Chimmini Wildlife

periyar-tiger-reserve11. Periyar Tiger Reserve

Coconut Trees12. Coconut Trees

lion-tailed-macaque-113. Lion Tailed Macaque

peacock-kerala-forest14. Peacock found in Tropical Kerala Forest

Elephant at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary 15. Elephant at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary

Hornbill at Nelliyampathy16. Hornbill at Nelliyampathy

Kani Konna17. Kani Konna Bisons at Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

18. Bisons at Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

 Malabar Flying Squirrel at Gavi19. Malabar Flying Squirrel at Gavi

Monkey at Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary 20. Monkey at Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Paddy Field in Alappuzha21. Paddy Field in Alappuzha

Spice Plantation  (Pepper) 22. Spice Plantation  (Pepper) – Image by Pandiyan V via Flickr

wild-coffee23. Wild Coffee – Image by Lian Chang via Flickr

rubber-trees24. Rubber Plantations Kerala

Coconut Trees Slanting on to Backwaters 25. Coconut Trees Leaning into the Backwaters

Hope you enjoyed this picture tour portraying Kerala’s Flora and Fauna. Kerala is indeed breathtaking with its various facets and what it has to offer to the tourists who come to explore Kerala.

Do contact your tour operator to know more about the wildlife pertaining to your chosen destinations. And do share your experience while visiting. We love to hear from you.

If you liked this article, please share!

14 Comments

  1. Sonali on November 27, 2014 at 11:43 am

    Nice Article and beautiful pictures..

    • Sunu Philip on November 27, 2014 at 11:50 am

      Glad you liked these images.. Sonali! Thank you!

  2. Shweta Patel on November 29, 2014 at 7:10 am

    Nice selection of Pics….

  3. survi on December 1, 2014 at 5:50 am

    Great post… Beautiful places with lovely pics.

  4. Mani Kurien on November 7, 2016 at 6:33 pm

    Kerala is indeed rich in flora – it is an estimated to have between 4694 to 5094 of higher order vascular plants (angiosperms) belonging to between 1488 to 1537 genera and to between 188 to 221 flowering plant families compared to Sri Lanka which has an estimated 3771 to 4143 species of higher order vascular plants (angiosperms) belonging to between 1369 to 1522 genera and to between 180 to 214 flowering plant families. Compare the size of the two places geographically – 38863 sq km for Kerala compared to 65610 sq km for Sri Lanka.

    Total flora of Kerala 10735 species out of 44514 species for India (24.1 %) in an area comprising less than 1.2 % of India’s land area of 3287570 sq km.

    Total flora of Sri Lanka 8384 species (18.8 %) compared to India’s total flora; Sri Lanka is less than 2% of India’s land area.

  5. ADNIY OTHMAN on September 11, 2018 at 5:23 pm

    Nice selection of Pics….AND I LOVE IT…

  6. Ashwini on October 26, 2018 at 7:16 am

    wonderful blogs.. Thanks for sharing the post..

  7. Mani Kurien on August 25, 2019 at 3:43 pm

    I just wanted to make a correction…Kerala has an estimated 4694 to 5094 of higher order vascular plants (angiosperms) belonging to between 1418 (not 1488 as previously posted) to 1537 genera and belonging to between 188 to 221 flowering plant families compared to Sri Lanka which has an estimated 3771 to 4143 species of higher order vascular plants (angiosperms) belonging to between 1369 to 1522 genera and belonging to between 180 to 214 flowering plant families.

    Thanks,

    Mani Abraham Kurien

    • Sunu Philip on September 7, 2019 at 2:18 pm

      Thank you Mani for the correction.

  8. Mani Abraham Kurien on December 15, 2019 at 12:30 pm

    Hello Sunu,

    Most definitely…as a Malayalee born and raised in the United States, I have a great love and appreciation for my Indian (Kerala) heritage. I have come to appreciate it more as I learned more about it over the years.

    Regards,

    MAK

  9. Nayana Menon on November 6, 2022 at 7:24 am

    Thank you, it was helpful for the assignment in my school

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