SILENT VALLEY NATIONAL PARK - WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES
The Silent Valley National Park is located in the Kundali Hills in Kerala, along the hill ranges known as the Western Ghats. The Silent Valley is the last pristine region of tropical evergreen forest in India and is an area rich in biodiversity. The lush tropical greenery, undulating slopes, hills and rivers make the this Park a beautiful wildlife tourism destination in Kerala, India.
The park is also famous for the rare and unique herbs and plants that grow here, as well as the wildlife found in the Silent Valley, which include elephants, tigers and lion-tailed macaques. Situated in the Palakkad district of Kerala, the Silent Valley National Park is adjacent to the Attappadi Reserve Forests to the East, the Palghat and Nilambur forest divisions in the West and South and the Nilgiri Forests in the North. This biodiversity hot spot is a unique treasure trove of rare flora and fauna.
About Silent Valley National Park
This Park was under danger by the construction of a Hydel Power Project during the 1970's. Being the main attraction of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, this park is a unique example of tropical rain forest. Government of India declared Silent Valley as National Park in the year 1984. The degradation of this park Silent Valley National Park called Sairandhrivanam (the forest in the valley). There are four distinct types of vegetation in this biodiversity intensive area. The climate at this park is warm in summer and pleasant in winter.
The temperature rises to a maximum of around 35°C in June and drops to a moderate 20 °C in December. The Southwest monsoon lasts from July to September and brings heavy rainfall to Silent Valley. The humidity can reach 95% and the rainfall during the year can reach over 1600 mm.The rain forest has moist tropical evergreen trees with teak, rosewood, amla, bamboo and semal. Apart from this there are tropical hill forests, temperate forests and grasslands. The wildlife in Silent Valley National Park includes elephants, tigers, leopards, wild boar, sambhar, gaur and the endangered lion-tailed macaque. There are also a number of snake, lizard and amphibian species in this park.
This park can be accessed by air, rail and road. Peelamamedu Airport, at Coimbatore is the nearest airport, at a distance of 155 km from Silent Valley National Park. There are daily flights to Coimbatore from the cities of Chennai, Mumbai, Kozhikode, and Madurai. Olavakkode Railway Station at Palakkad, 75 km away, is the nearest railway station and is connected to Silent Valley National Park by road.